Discover The Best Agile Software Development Frameworks in 2022

It’s no secret that some of the most prominent names[1] across different industries like Barclays and Cisco have benefited largely from Agile transformation. Many of them use a different Agile approach to the other. These variant approaches are professionally termed “Agile frameworks”, and there are a lot of them.

Even the most recent business trend of using No Code/Low Code platform development employs these standards.

On the off chance that you are unfamiliar with the Agile movement, you should first know that it is a project management philosophy. The Agile software development methodology is incremental and iterative by nature. And while Agile frameworks are primarily utilized in software development, you can scale Agile to any organization in any industry.

With such a wide variety of industries applying different Agile management approaches, it’s clear we need to understand the difference between most of these frameworks. More importantly, how do you decide which Agile process is best for you? 

This article will answer your questions and help guide you through to choosing the best Agile frameworks for your projects.

But first, we need to have a solid grasp of the substratum of this topic, Agile methodology.

Team using the best agile software development frameworks
Photo by Annie Spratt

What are Agile Frameworks?

There wasn’t really any technical meaning to the term Agile (and now Agile methodology) until 2001. This was when a community of developers grew frustrated with the apparently “heavy” waterfall model. Inspired by that, they established the Agile Manifesto. 

This holy grail document[2] was so impactful that it functioned as an enchiridion for Agile development even to this day. It is the official document laying out all the Agile principles, values and good Agile practices for successful implementation in industries.

The values of Agile development centered around customer collaboration in preference over contract negotiation; emphasis on individuals and interactions as opposed to processes and tools; comprehensive documentation taking a backseat to working software, and responding to change over sticking to a plan.

On that note, you can think of an Agile framework as a specific approach for developing software based on the Agile philosophy as defined in the Agile Manifesto. It’s okay to refer to these frameworks as processes or methodologies.

Development teams working using many of these frameworks tend to modify sections of the frameworks uniquely to suit their ideals. 

Below you’ll find our brief conspectus on some of the well-documented and most popular agile frameworks for adaptive software development.

6 Best Agile Software Frameworks

PracticesScrumKanbanLeanXPCrystalDSDM
ApproachIterative and IncrementallSmall evolutionary incrementsEliminate wastes and Optimize efficiencyIterative incrementsIterative approachIterative and Incremental
Time2-4 weeksContinuous ImprovementNot time-bound1-6 weeks per iteration2:8 ratio of time to solutionFrequent improvements
Team Size5-9 membersSmall to mediumSmall Project - 6-9 members 2-12 membersIndependent and self organizing team, 2 -10 members6 or more members
Scalability/Suitable Project sizeScalable, therefore, suitable for all types and sizeAny size and typeAny type or sizeRelatively small projectsAll types and sizeSmall to intermediate sized projects
Major PracticesProduct backlog, Burn-Down Chart, Product Vision, Sprint BacklogKanban board, stickiesValue-add activities, Waste elimination and Non-Value Add (NVA) activitiesUser stories, Pair coding, RefactoringFeasibility and business study, PrototypingCrystal Family, Criticality

Some of the most popular and efficient agile software frameworks include:

Scrum

The first framework we will look at is Scrum. Scrum is one of the most popular Agile frameworks, and for good reason. It is a simple Agile framework that can be adapted to any size team or project. It is a flexible and adaptable framework that can be used for projects of all sizes. 

Scrum is based on the principle of iterative and incremental development, which means that Scrum teams work in short cycles, or sprints, to deliver features. A Scrum team is meant to be self organizing by nature as opposed to being hierarchical and the sprints they work in is typically confined to two week intervals.

Scrum, with its emphasis on structure and process, is a good choice for teams that want to be closely managed by a dedicated project manager. Scrum enables individual management of different sprints of the project in development. 

Strengths of Scrum Agile Framework

Drawbacks of Scrum Agile Framework

Scrum limits mistakes, as the workflow is divided into parts to simplify activities. The division results in a product of quality value. However, dividing the workflow into segments may cause the team to develop the project in fragments rather than developing a holistic product.

agile software development all the way!
Photo by Austin Distel

Kanban 

Kanban is a Japanese word for a visual board. Kanban framework is a tool that organizes tasks into boards or tables on a board. The framework uses visual elements to manage projects. 

Kanban is another popular agile framework that emphasizes continuous improvement and incremental delivery. It’s perfect for large organizations because it is an easily scaled Agile framework. 

The Kanban board resembles a table with rows and columns, capturing the progress made in the development project. As the project team makes steps in improving a project, the information on the Kanban board changes. 

A new card is created in the table when new tasks are added. Kanban board ensures that the status of all stages in an existing or new project is visible to all team members.

Viewing the status of all projects in development is important. By seeing the tasks, the team reduces the number of projects they work on since the status of all projects is visible. All the members know where to channel their strength, ensuring continuous delivery of results.

Strengths of Kanban Agile Framework

Drawbacks of Kanban Agile Framework

Lean Software Development

Photo by Lala Azizli

The Toyota manufacturing company created the Lean concept to gauge the effectiveness of an activity as they manufacture their products. Now, the concept has found its roots in many Agile software development projects.

The essence of all activities in a project is cumulative and should be valuable to the end-user. Lean development helps business teams optimize development time and tools so that the final product is tailored to user requirements.

The Lean software development process makes use of the Minimum Viable Product (MVP)[4] strategy. This entails releasing a trace version of the software, followed by observation of end-users’ preferences and dislikes. 

Based on the user feedback, the software development teams make iterations until the desired final product without losing the initial conceptual integrity.

The intent of the LSD methodology is to ruthlessly eliminate any activity or feature that does not have direct effect on the end product. 

However, it is worth noting that for product success using the values and principles of this framework, the organization must have implicit trust in their Agile teams.

Strengths of Lean Project Management Framework

Drawbacks of Lean Agile Framework

Extreme Programming (XP)

Photo by Jason Goodman

Out of all the Agile methodologies, Extreme programming (XP) has the highest level of customer involvement. Customers are an active member of the development team throughout the project life cycle.

Extreme Programming is an especially honest Agile project management framework that emphasizes the broad philosophy of Agile development – producing high-quality software for customer satisfaction. 

It operates using a test-first Agile processes scheme within short-term time stints. 

XP ensures soaring collaboration between customers and developers of the product, resulting in a well-organized delivery of the project to the customer. However, it requires that the team of developers is relatively small and capable of leveraging on technology to enable functional tests and automated units.

Strengths of Extreme Programming

Drawbacks of Extreme Programming

Crystal

Photo by Lala Azizli

Crystal is an Agile framework that emphasizes one of the core Agile values by prioritizing individuals and their interactions over tools and processes. 

Typical Crystal agile processes include:

The nature of the Crystal method is viable for organizations who want to empower their Agile teams to determine how the workflow should go. 

Strengths of Crystal

Drawbacks of Crystal

Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM)

Photo by Parabol

The Dynamic Systems Development Method is an Agile project management framework that emphasizes iteration, adaptive planning and other Agile practice concepts for project success. 

The framework states explicitly that “any project must be aligned to clearly defined strategic goals and focus upon early delivery of real benefits to the business”.

The framework builds on the foundation of four principles: functional model and prototype iteration, feasibility and business study, design and build iteration, and implementation. 

Like Scrum, DSDM utilizes the concept of workflow sprints. Using the concept, the quality of the product is retained, as the sprints are delivered on time.

Strengths of DSDM

Drawbacks of DSDM

Why Do You Need an Agile Software Development Framework?

The concept of the agile framework depends on the four core values tagged in the agile manifesto. The values are Individuals and interactions over processes and tools; Customer collaboration over contract negotiation; Working software over comprehensive documentation; Quick response to change over following a plan.

why you need an agile software development framework

Agile software frameworks help teams to deliver products that improve every time. With the framework, the team's delivery of value is consistent. In addition, good frameworks ensure the team addresses challenges in a timely manner.

Agile frameworks increase the variety of shared ideas, prioritizing people over tools. It focuses on small changes per time. These software frameworks help to establish and build relationships with the team and client, reducing technical debt. It guarantees the delivery of beneficial products/projects of high quality that ultimately result in client satisfaction.

Which Agile Software Framework Is the Better Option for You?

Besides the above-listed frameworks, there are even more great Agile frameworks; Test Driven Development, Behavior Driven Development, Disciplined Agile, Scaled Agile Framework, among others. 

That being said, you should know that there is no best framework or even best practice across these frameworks. There’s only good practice within a certain context. 

Nevertheless, there are factors you can watch out for to guide you to choosing Agile software frameworks

Conclusion

When it comes to agile software frameworks, there are a few that stand out among the rest. The most popular frameworks are Scrum, Kanban, and XP. All of these frameworks have their own benefits and drawbacks, but each one is still a viable option for agile teams.

What Is a Software Development Methodology? 8 Examples and How to Choose One 

Are you searching for how to improve and add structure to your software development workflow? An excellent first step is selecting the right software development methodology for your development project management. The single problem when discussing software development methodologies is variety. Indeed, there are quite several different software development methodologies. 

However, tweaking little details of an existing software development methodology is now commonplace. And just with that, tag the tweaked variation as though it was an entirely new methodology. That makes it slightly tricky to discuss software methodologies distinctively.

Thankfully, you now have an extensive and explanatory guide for some of the most efficient and popular software development methodologies with this article.

You are right; before we can do that, we need to know what a software development methodology is. But even before that, we need to address perhaps the biggest deceit about software development methodologies - one size fits all.

If there is anything sure about software development methodologies, it's that there's no certainty of outcome. No one software development approach will result in a perfect product every single time. And this is not because of inadequacies on the side of your software development team.

It's just that different software development methodologies function exclusively well for a specific software development project.

After finishing this article, you will have learned all about this and will be able to make an informed choice on the approach that fits your project requirements best.

developers using a software development methodology to make an app
Photo by Akshar Dave🌻

What Is a Software Development Methodology?

Software development methodology, or in software engineering, system development methodology, refers to a process or series of procedures used to structure, organize and control the whole development process. 

It has less to do with programming and more to do with planning for an efficient software development life cycle.

Software Development Life Cycle

The software process or software life cycle are close synonyms. And the models and methods that describe approaches to tasks throughout a software process or life cycle are what we call software development methodologies.

What Are the Types of Software Development Methodologies?

All methodologies have their strengths and weaknesses. Here, we will look at informative details about each method, followed by their respective strong points and pitfalls.

Waterfall Development Methodology

Overview

The waterfall software development methodology

The waterfall methodology is quite illustrious when it comes to the traditional software development methods. Nevertheless, it is still relevant in many modern software development projects.

As the name implies, the workflow only goes in one direction in the Waterfall development method. That is, the Waterfall model is rigid in its approach. And should a software project using the Waterfall methodology require changes, the Waterfall model demands a complete restart.

It involves dividing development into phases, arranged in sequential order. The development team must complete each stage before moving to the next. That makes it non-ideal for software projects with fast-changing requirements.

The waterfall development method functions with the following basic principles or phases: 

1. Requirements

This is the conceptualization phase, where developers define the problem the software project is aiming to fix. They also describe the initial software concept and expectations for the project in this stage.

2. System design

Here, developers determine the software architecture and system core.

3. Implementation

The team splits up to develop the software in separate units. There is also testing of each isolated section for functionality.

4. Integration and Testing

The team combines all the output of all the separate units. And they test and fine-tune the integrated system for optimal functionality.

5. Deployment

Software is ready for customer use.

6. Maintenance

Developers troubleshoot or get feedback from clients during use and repair such issues as they come. 

Developers contemplating on the right software development methodology
Photo by UX Indonesia

Pros

Cons

Agile Development Methodology

Overview

The Agile Development Methodology

Perhaps the most popular modern software development methodology is the agile software development methodology[1]. In a word, Agile is adaptive. How so? The agile methodology came as a relief from highly inflexible and structured methodologies like Waterfall.

The emphasis of an Agile software development methodology is communication between individuals. That is, the customers, developers, and users instead of focusing on the technical tools and rigid procedures or documentation.

Agile encourages developers to engage in iterative and incremental development. Teams divide tasks for developing software in short sprints of about a week to one month. Each iteration has a defined goal to derive a prioritized testable output.

Agile development methodology calls for collaboration and cross-functional teamwork. And teams applying it must show commitment to tight feedback cycles and mini-increments in functionality.

Agile answers what the development process should look like, but it does not specify any specified techniques for building software. That is why many professionals don't exactly consider Agile as a methodology. More so, it is a software development methodology framework.

It comprises the principles on which Agile software development methodologies like scrum, crystal, extreme programming (XP), and feature-driven development (FDD) build.

Pros

Cons

Lean Development Methodology

Overview

The Lean Development Methodology

This Toyota-inspired framework came about from the principles of lean manufacturing. It gets its basic principles from the Lean Toyota Production System, which was majorly a method to eliminate wastage in manufacturing effectively.

At its core, lean development combines linear and iterative systems development methodologies. And while Agile describes some of the best practices for developing a software program, it does not include instructions for their application. 

Moreover, it does not explain how these practices can scale beyond software development projects. Lean fills in for those drawbacks.

The lean development methodology entails applying the following principles in various projects and industries, including optimizing software development processes. 

Pros

Cons

Rapid Application Development (RAD)

Overview

The Rapid Application Development (RAD)

IBM first used rapid application development (RAD) to describe a software development process introduced in 1991. 

Rapid application development methodology is one of the best software development frameworks for building a high quality system with low investment cost. And more so, it makes this achievable in unstable markets[3] and in relatively less time.

That is primarily due to Iterative Prototyping, active user feedback, and computerized development tools (such as Object Oriented programming techniques, Database Management Systems, Graphical User Interface builders, Computer-aided Software System Engineering (CASE) tools, etc.)

Rapid application development is comprised of four stages;

1. Requirements Planning

This is the project specification and requirement definition phase.

2. User Design

There is iterative communication between user and developer throughout the development process. Here, the feedback, prototype development, and testing procedures cyclically continue until a satisfactory level of refinement.

3. Construction

Developers deploy the final software based on the prototypes developed in the former phase.

4. Cutover

This final phase includes data conversion, exhaustive product testing, and user training.

Pros

Cons

a man packing his bags
Photo by Surface

Notable Mentions

Prototype Model

Firstly, many professionals don't consider prototyping a complete development methodology by itself. It is more of one of the software development approaches that encourage certain features in the context of a complete methodology (for example, RAD and Spiral). 

The emphasis here is on building prototypes and iteratively making increments until the desired final product.

Dynamic Systems Model

This iterative approach derives the majority of its principles from the RAD framework. It is a refined methodology that prioritizes business needs over technological or engineering excellence. It also features extensive written documentation, which is lacking in most Agile development frameworks. 

Rational Unified Process (RUP)

This is an agile-based methodology that sections software development into four stages - Inception, Elaboration, Construction, and Transition. In each of these phases, developers may apply the following engineering disciplines with varying levels of emphasis. 

They include; Business Modeling, Analysis and design, Implementation, Testing, and Deployment.

Extreme Programming (XP)

Developers typically use this agile software development model in low cost requirement projects. The emphasis of extreme programming is on flexibility of the process models.

Which Software Development Methodology Should I Use?

If none of the above works for you, you may want to learn about other software development methodologies such as DevOps, Scrum, Feature-Driven Development, and Spiral. At the end of the day, what you need most is a basic understanding of the software project or business problem. 

Once you have that outlined, choosing a methodology (or a combination of elements from different methodologies) just depends on what your priorities – budget, speed, customer-oriented software – are.

The 5 Absolute Best Backend Web Frameworks in 2022

The growth of the internet has influenced the incorporation of web services in businesses immensely. This became especially evident in 2019 with the COVID-19 outbreak. Because of lockdown policies, businesses had to adjust to web-based service provision. So what’s the problem? Well, it meant that most businesses were now primarily focused on their web proficiency. While that is great for consumers, it wasn’t all sunflowers and sunshine for businesses. Web services became quite competitive and consumer attention and interaction was top priority. Business web applications needed to both be easy to build and maintain yet optimally functional. To that end, business owners continually had to use the best web frameworks for web development.

But what is a web framework? And how does it help build scalable web apps easily for optimal consumer interaction?

What Is a Web Development Framework?

You should note that the use of web frameworks did not start after the pandemic. Frameworks like ASP.net were already in use in 2002. But there’s been significant progress in the capabilities of web frameworks since then.

A web framework refers to a software tool intended to automate the overhead involved in the web development process. 

Hands using Backend Web Frameworks

Photo by Christina @ wocintechchat.com on Unsplash

What Are the Types of Web Frameworks?

A web framework may be either of two types:

  1. Client Side Web Framework

These types of web development frameworks are strictly concerned with the user interface. They have nothing to do with web app functionalities and business logic. Instead, it focuses on the section of web applications or web pages visible to users.

  1. Server Side Web Framework

The use of a server side framework is primarily for generating backend functionality. This involves data management, web server handling, database manipulation, among other activities.

You can classify web development frameworks based on architecture or programming language. Some server side programming languages include, Python, JavaScript, PHP, and.NET.

Most web frameworks fall under either Model View Controller (MVC architecture) or Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM architecture). It’s worth noting that frontend or backend frameworks may fall under any architecture. This is not the same when classifying by programming language. No backend framework is based off on a frontend programming language.

You can find details on client-side frameworks on top 10 frontend development frameworks. But for the sake of detail, we are only going to discuss server side frameworks.

A plan for Backend Web Frameworks

Photo by picjumbo.com

Why Use Backend Web Frameworks?

The primary objective of a backend framework is to automate overheads correlating to web development. But some of the best backend frameworks may also help in the following ways:

These are some of the more general features most backend frameworks possess. However, all backend frameworks are different. Some thrive on aspects where others plummet. So, choosing the best backend framework is honestly based on unique preference, circumstance and requirements.

Best Backend Frameworks in 2022

To help streamline your options, here is a comprehensive list of the overall best backend frameworks in 2022:

1. Django

Django is one of the best web framework

Django sits atop as the most sought-after python web frameworks[1] in the market. It is an open source web application framework that uses the Python programming language for all operations. It also functions using the model view controller architecture.

This backend framework requires little to no third-party plugins. And it is one of the most used web frameworks for database-driven complex web projects. This includes CMS (Content Management Systems), social networks, SaaS-solutions and even non-standard complex projects.

It functions well with XML, HTML and JSON format projects. And you’ll typically see it used in enterprise-level web application development. Some famous use cases of the Django framework include; NASA, Spotify, Pinterest, Bitbucket, Instagram and Mozilla. 

Key Features:

2. Ruby on Rails

Rails on Ruby is one of the most popular backend frameworks

Ruby on rails is one of the oldest and most popular backend frameworks[2] till today. It was written with the Ruby programming language. But it combines HTML, JavaScript and CSS in developing web applications.

Many experienced developers consider Ruby on rails as the best backend framework for e-commerce web services and the likes. In fact, over 5,000 web developers[3] have contributed to the Ruby on Rails program.

Some popular apps using Ruby on rails are; Airbnb, GitHub, Groupon and Hulu.

Key Features:

3. Laravel

Laravel is the best choice for backend development using PHP scripting language. Many consider it the best software for backend web development. And was is one of the most popular backend frameworks as of March 2021. Other PHP frameworks like Symfony and Codelgniter are lesser alternatives.

It is an open source web framework distributed under the MIT license and written in PHP.

Lady trying to use Best Backend Web Frameworks

Photo by Nicole Wolf on Unsplash

Key Features:

4. ExpressJS

The first JS framework on this list is one of the most popular backend frameworks by 23.82% according to a Stackoverflow Survey[4]. Many companies like Uber, MySpace, Myntra, IBM, and Accenture all use Express.JS for web app development.

It is a lightweight web application framework for Node.JS, distributed under the MIT License. The pioneering author, TJ Hilowaychuk best describes it as a Sinatra-inspired server. That illustration represents the minimalist feel it has which makes its operation easy and highly flexible.

Key Features:

5. Flask

Flask is also a great backend web framework

Flask is a popular micro web framework written in Python. It's a micro web framework because it does not require components that need functions from third-party libraries. This implies it has no database abstraction layer or form validation component.

Rather than run on the browser, it runs on the web server. Modern web applications from companies such as Netflix, LinkedIn, Lyft, Airbnb and the likes, all use the Flask framework.

Key Features:

Notable Mentions

Some of the most used backend frameworks further includes:

Meteor can build Javascript apps

Conclusion

There is clearly a growing adaptation of web-based services in businesses. As a result, well-built web applications have grown to offer competitive functionalities for optimal customer experience. Business owners using older technologies that can’t compete with the capabilities provided by newer technologies suffer largely for it.

The good news is that it doesn't have to be you. The efficacy of any web service is a result of efficient resources, practices and particular tools involved in its development process.Thankfully, integrating any of the popular backend frameworks listed above provides you access to those innovative resources and tools.

Of course, choosing the right backend framework should not be primarily based on popularity or general consensus. Your unique requirements determine what backend framework is best for you.

The primary aim of a web development framework is to reduce how much code you have to write. But if your requirement for lessened work rates is beyond the scope of any web framework then No Code or Low Code platforms is just the thing for you. 

14 Tips on How to Select the Right Software Development Framework

If you plan to dive into the art of software development, you need software development frameworks that will help the best way they can. Using the right tools limits the errors you experience in developing applications. These software development frameworks are tools developed[1] by software engineers to ease you, the web developer, of some tasks. Some tasks they help with include developing web applications and making the use of a programming language easier, among others. In simple terms, a framework consists of programmed codes used to ease the creation of other programs. They are made for web developers. Selecting the best development framework in this digital era is important. However, when you use the wrong framework, say for web design or to write code faster, you limit rather than boost productivity.

Why Do You Need the Right Software Framework?

As a software developer, you can never rule out the importance of using frameworks. However, some good reasons why you need the right software framework for web development include:

●       Reducing the occurrences of errors when you use the best development frameworks. To improve results as a developer, improve the quality of the framework, or change the entire application you use.

●       New programming languages, tools, and designs are easy to introduce using software frameworks. This reduces the effort you put in when developing other software.

●       You hinder your ability as a developer when you use the wrong software frameworks. The framework makes or mars the quality and organization of tasks. Developing web applications and meeting objectives becomes difficult using the wrong framework.

Criteria to Consider in Choosing From the Best Web Development Frameworks

To choose the right framework, you need to understand what you need the framework for. You must ensure you are not making a mistake in your choice of framework.

Here are questions to help you determine if the framework is right for you.

A white laptop showing a software development framework

Photo by Artem Sapegin on Unsplash

Does It Have An Excellent User Interface?

The end-users of the application are the topmost considerations in selecting the framework. How will the users use it? Is it easy to navigate?

Frameworks with an excellent user interface help to notice and reduce mistakes, hastening your job as a developer. Conversely, the framework will be of no use if the user interface is poor.

 How Complex Is the Project?

Software developers create most frameworks to fulfill specific tasks. For example, some work best with developing small applications, while others develop larger applications. Rather than adjust the framework to suit your needs, get the most suitable development framework for your job.

Codeigniter, Slim, or other micro frameworks will serve better if you have to develop smaller applications. However, for larger applications, frameworks like Zend and Symfony are preferable.

How Popular Is the Framework?

Well-known frameworks are complete and are always evolving to meet the needs of developers. Most times, the more popular a framework is, the more ideas, plug-ins, and application tools are available.

The more developers use the framework, the more information you find on it when you need help. Always go for the popular framework[2], to be on the safe side.

What Are the Hosting Prerequisites of the Framework?

Use frameworks that agree with the hosting requirements of the app you are developing. Some frameworks work well only with shared hosting plans. The popular frameworks in this category include CodeIgniter, CakePHP, PHP frameworks, etc.

The second group of frameworks does not require shared hosting. However, these frameworks need dedicated hosts servers to function. Frameworks in this category include non-PHP frameworks, Pylons, Ruby on Rails, Django, etc.

Are They Easy to Learn?

The learning curve of each framework is different from others. Micro frameworks have the simplest learning curves, while large frameworks are difficult to learn, including more components and tools. Micro frameworks are also easier to operate.

A man using wondering how to select the right software framework

Photo by Hitesh Choudhary from Pexels

A framework like Laravel has a medium learning curve and is neither easy nor difficult. So if time is something you don't have, opt for easy-to-learn frameworks to develop smaller apps. 

Do They Reflect Your Thought Patterns?

To enjoy using any framework, ensure that the choice of framework reflects your style of logic. Don't use a framework if you don't think like it. There is a good chance you will have bad experiences with them. Instead, find a framework that agrees with your logic on most occasions. 

How Documented Are the Frameworks?

 For the framework to be an option to consider, all documentation records should be available.

The API documentation and a detailed description are necessary. If the frameworks are not well documented, you will spend time and resources discovering how it works. 

Does It Have In-Built Unit Testing?

Unit testing allows the developer to break a program into portions to test the performance. A unit test isolates different sections of a code to determine the correctness. The test is done during the development phase of software programs.

Unit testing is peculiar to different programming languages. For example, NUnit is the unit testing framework for .net languages.

Some frameworks have an automated unit testing tool; the tool is built in to help developers validate the correctness of a code. However, some unit testing tools are manual, requiring extra skills and expenses for use.

Does it Have Licensing Costs?

Some frameworks are open-source developer platforms. The tools used on these platforms are free and have no licensing costs, even for commercial use.

While this is limited to a few frameworks, most have attached costs for licensing. Review the licensing cost worth for the developer tools needed for the project. If the costs of the framework tools are above your budget, try other frameworks. 

Answering these questions related to your reason for needing a framework will help you select the most appropriate[3]. Even in building applications and web application development tasks, these points will help your choice. 

Steps to on How to Choose Development Framework that is Right for You

ladies debating how to select the right development framework

Photo by Christina Morillo

Though the selection phase is difficult, you can make it easier. With these steps explained below, you will reduce the stress involved and increase satisfaction with your chosen software framework in no time. The steps to follow to ease the selection process are:

Understand the programming language you want to write with

The programming language you use for web or app development will determine the type of framework you work with.

Know the Features of the Software Development Framework You Need

You have to be fully aware of the features you need so you don't make ignorant decisions. To know the frameworks, carry out a detailed impact assessment survey. To conduct an impact assessment for your development task:

●        Determine the opportunities and project goals to meet up to. It will help narrow the framework selection process.

●        Consider the strengths, limitations, functions, affected processes, and solutions your application proffers.

●        Determine the impact of the right framework on your business.

●        Confirm the number and kind of users affected by the framework you pick.

●        Be aware of the financial obligations tied to the chosen framework.

The impact assessment survey helps you find the framework's problems, loopholes, and potential. Without carrying out this assessment, you can employ the use of frameworks and tools not needed for the task.

Prioritize Your Needs

a written plan  of software frameworks

Photo by Amélie Mourichon on Unsplash

Rank your needs in order, and determine which framework features are the most valuable for your task. Ranking your priorities will narrow your framework selection phase.

Based on your priorities, you can rank these needs into:

●        Essential Needs. Meeting these needs is important for the software you develop. It includes all the problems the framework you chose must provide solutions to.

If your task needs software frameworks, your chosen framework should offer shared hosting services. It must also help in building applications from scratch.

●       Conditional Needs. The needs are not as essential but help improve your software development productivity and quality.

●        Additional Needs. Those needs are neither essential nor conditional but will be useful someday.

Seek Professional Opinion

Reach out to other experts who use similar frameworks and programs to help you make an informed selection.

As much as you can, seek advice from experts who develop the kinds of software you deal with. For example, the opinion of an expert developer who deals with large apps may not be useful if you deal with smaller applications.

Analyze the Price of Additional Tools

Once you identify the development framework that best answers your needs, analyze the cost of extra tools and add-ons you need that are compatible with the framework. Asking for ridiculous discounts on the extra tools makes you seem amateur.

Be sure that your final decision is influenced by the software development problems you want solutions to.  

It is important to know that there's no 'one size fits all' framework. Where you can't find the perfect fit, go with the frameworks that meet the most needs.

Bonus Tips on Choosing the Right Web Development Framework

A lady coding away

Photo by Christina on Unsplash

Before you make the final decision on the development framework to deploy, here are bonus tips to always remember:

●        When choosing the best software framework, have proof to convince you of your choice. Choosing based on your gut feeling is wrong.

●        When looking for the most excellent option, the statistics the frameworks claim to have shouldn't sway you.

●        Some developers show off compelling demos to sell. These demos may be good, but the real software may be whack. These frameworks will not do as they promise. Ensure your test the software before use.

●        Work with experienced team members. A development team with a first-class team experience in frameworks eases development for software frameworks.

●        Do your best to choose a reputable company. They ensure that the software development framework of choice is not a scam. 

●        New technologies and frameworks are promising but may not possess the right development framework code compatible with the app in development. For example, new ideas may not have a proper database access framework.

●        Don't sign a contract with the web developers if the terms sound unclear. Several software developers will write the contract to favor themselves. So ensure you understand the details before signing an agreement.

Conclusion

Selecting good tools for software development is something to take seriously. Selecting the right framework should be a walkover for you with the criteria above.

To wrap everything up, understand that using the right framework isn't the only choice you have to deal with. You also need the right skills to get the right software framework up and going.

Warp Grabs $23M Funding to Build ‘The Terminal for the 21st Century’

Last week, we witnessed a huge launch on Product Hunt. Remember the black screen in the movie ‘The Matrix’ with raining green code? That platform is a terminal. For the past 40 years (the beginning of coding), these terminals have been pretty much the same. Until Zach Lloyd decided to come in with Warp, a fast Rust-based terminal. Their team and the Product Hunt community is calling it “The terminal for the 21st century”.

Zach announced on Twitter that they had previously raised a $6 million seed round and have now raised a $17m Series A round led by Dylan Field, the co-founder, and CEO of Figma. This money will be used to reach the vision and expand the scope of Warp.

The primary goal of Warp is to make developers more productive. When the founder was working as the lead engineer on Google Docs, he realized the power of collaboration. The functionalities of Warp are built with the same approach and problem in mind.

Check out this video introducing Warp Beta:

What Sets Warp Apart?

Terminals have existed for a long time. But Warp is a new kind of terminal with visual aids, autocomplete, documentation, and customizations for programmers. The key difference between Warp and traditional terminals is Speed. It is a fast terminal developed after keeping its audience (programmers) in mind. It includes GPU acceleration, its own UI framework, and other engineering systems to increase speed and performance[1].

What are the Features of Warp?

The features of Warp can be divided into two parts:

For Developers [2]

Warp UI
The user interface of Warp Terminal

For Teams

Although it looks flawless on the surface, there are some limitations that need immediate solutions. The biggest complaint of the community is that Warp is for Mac-only. The team has responded that they are currently working on the Windows and Linux versions but there is no tentative date of launch.
If you are interested in learning more about Warp, you can read the documentation on ‘Getting started with Warp’. It will give you an X-ray look at the capabilities of the platform. Follow us on Twitter for the latest news, tips, and trends in the Code and No Code industry.

Top 8 Bubble Plugins to Supercharge your No Code App

When we first started using Bubble a few years ago, it was a struggle to find out little performance-boosting features from the plugins store. Since then, the store has upgraded a lot. Today, we have thousands of plugins created by team Bubble and the community to make your life easy. Whether you are building a website, mobile app, or web app, these plugins will help you make your product powerful. We have curated the list of the top Bubble Plugins. But before jumping to the list, it is important to understand the Pros and Cons of these plugins.

Top Benefits and Drawbacks of Plugins

Benefits

Saves time 

When you are using a plugin instead of building the feature yourself or automating the services, you are saving a lot of time that could be used in strategizing or adding new features to your product.

Provides Support

The plugins created by Bubble would provide support according to industry standards but apart from that, it is a little variable. Some plugin owners might respond within a day and some might ghost you forever. If support is necessary for you, research your plugin builders before investing or even installing.

Cost-Effective

The pricing is divided into two parts:

1. Monthly 

2. Lifetime

Although a lot of plugins do not have a lifetime payment option, the prices are nominal. If there is a plugin that is a requisite for your business, you can contact the creator for a customized plan. It might not work every time, but it’s worth a shot.

two software developers discussing coding
Image by Sarah Pflug on Burst

Drawbacks

Increased Load time

Each of these plugins will have an impact on the performance of your app. Beta test the load time of your product after installing a plugin. We advise not to install a lot of plugins of animations and visual value unless they are necessary for your product. Since they load in a ton of external Javascript slowing your pages down.

Do not be afraid though,  there are other ways to decrease the load time [1] of your app.

Categories

Bubble has divided plugins into various categories. Most of these plugins overlap with two or three categories. Here is a brief description of the most popular categories.

Top Bubble Plugins That You Must Try

Advanced MapBox Maps

Advanced MapBox Maps

Price - $12/month

Categories - Productivity, Data (things), Analytics, Social Network, Location, Visual Elements

It is the easiest and the fastest map plugin in the Bubble Marketplace. Do you have an app that requires a map? You need this plugin. Apart from the base features, they add unique features that are exclusively available only in this plugin. 

You can add markers, lines, images, and polygons to the map. You can also save this data to use later.

Some unique features included in this plugin are:

● Add markers and customized lines using geojson data or coordinates

● Freely assign any image and title to any marker

● Add polygons using geojson data or coordinates

● Save and store the markers lines and polygons inside a database so you’ll never lose your progress

● Access marker, line, or polygon data inside a bubble app and assign any info to them.

This plugin is helpful (not limited to) if you want to make a Geocaching competitor, set up a map of restaurants in a food delivery app, or feed the live locations of your fleet cars to a single map.

Toolbox

Toolbox

Price - Free

Categories - Visual Elements, Technical, Data (things)

Toolbox allows you to extend the functionalities of Bubble by letting you run Javascript code within your app. It is highly reviewed by the community with over 275k installs. The support available to solve problems with this plugin is also massive. No wonder why it is the first plugin that shows up in the Bubble Plugin Marketplace.

Here’s the list of Javascript and utility elements available in Toolbox:

Bubble to Airtable Two-way Sync

Bubble to Airtable Two-way Sync

Price - $25/month

Categories - Data (things), Technical, Productivity, Visual Elements

This plugin allows you to synchronize all of your Bubble data with AirTable and the other way around. You can now have the same database entries on Airtable & Bubble so that you could use native Bubble features and not need to deal with the Airtable API, slow loading speeds, and other issues such as API throttling. This opens up your database for editing by non-technical staff, since Airtable is much easier to use.

Some key features of this plugin are 

You can see a detailed guide on how to install and integrate Two-way Sync on your app. If you are a fan of Bubble and Airtable, this is the easiest way to sync your database and automate your workflow. The builders of this plugin have a very dedicated support team that will help you with your queries.

Advanced Multi Uploader

Advance Multi Uploader

Price - $10/month or $25 for lifetime

Categories - Productivity, Mobile, Data (things), Visual Elements, Media, Compliance, Input Forms

It is as simple as it is effective. Add images/file uploader to your app. The plugin supports live preview, image/file size limits, and file type. You can collect just specific types of files if you want to. The plugin is highly customizable and comes with a ton of resources to learn at Zerocode, the agency that created the plugin.

Stripe.js 2

Stripe.js 2

Price - Free

Categories - Visual Elements, Payment, Small Business, Technical, Ecommerce, Analytics

Manage and accept payments on your app with Stripe.js 2. With 20k+ installs, this is one of the top payment plugins at Bubble marketplace. Charge payments, process cards & bank accounts, and create and pay sellers with all your apps. If you want to get a comprehensive understanding of installing and implementing this plugin, we recommend you watch the courses Payments [2] and Subscriptions [3] which would take roughly 4 hours.

Reload on Update 

Reload on Update

Price - Free

Categories - Technical

Do you remember sending the message - “We have updated this page. Please reload to see the changes.” This plugin automatically reloads the page instead of waiting for your customer to click on it. It’s a solution to a very small yet crucial problem that app developers face.

VagueTime Timestamps

VagueTime Timestamps

Price - Free

Categories - Technical, Productivity, Visual Elements

This is another simple plugin. It takes the timestamps from your websites and turns them into vague timestamps like 3 days ago, a few minutes ago, and 1 year ago. Since users are not robots and don’t want to see ‘Thursday, 07 Apr 2022 14:53:13 GMT’ above their comment.

Image Compressor and Uploader

Image Compressor and Uploader

Price - Free

Categories - Productivity, Web Scraping, Containers, Media, Data (things)

This plugin allows you to compress all the images before you upload them to your product. It helps decrease the load time of your app. You can check out their free demo to get a grasp of the functionalities of this tool. You can select the output quality and aspect ratio to get your desired results and set compress quality from 0 to 1.

Wrap Up

Hence, that was our list of top plugins in the Bubble Marketplace. There are thousands of plugins and we are discovering new ones every day. We couldn’t add every one of the plugins here but here are some honorable mentions:

SAWO Passwordless Authentication - Onboarding users on your Bubble app without passwords. This plugin authenticates using the user’s phone number or email.

Air Static Dropdown Labels - Add intelligent dropdown labels to your app distinctive from their values.

If there is a plugin that we missed out on, you can let us know on Twitter. While you are there, follow us in our pursuit of providing knowledge and tracking the No Code industry in detail.

What Is a Frontend Framework?

Developing web applications traditionally relied on the big three. HTML – for basic web page layout. CSS which is for visual styling. And JavaScript – for enabling the interactive interface of web applications. Experienced developers still use those three development tools to design dynamic web applications. This implies them writing HTML, CSS, and JavaScript code from scratch. And repeating the process each time they underwent new web projects. Of course, that approach is still very much in use. However, companies like Meta have found that web development does not have to be so tedious. As such, innovative technologies called frameworks have found ground in the development world.

To develop a web app today, developers need not rely directly on writing code ab initio. Instead, web developers can create a well-designed scalable site relying solely on these new technologies.

This brings us to the question of "what is a frontend framework?" But before that, let’s backtrack a bit in history. We need to know how web development frameworks have changed over the years.

NameYearTypeBrief Overview
jQuery2006LibraryThe first JavaScript library was established to solve antecedent compatibility problems. Also, one of the easiest and most popular frontend frameworks for designers to learn as it uses familiar CSS syntax. Deprecated in 2021.
CSS frameworks2007FrameworkUI frameworks using ready-to-use stylesheets for standardized web design with a typically tight learning curve. They are great for building user interfaces with rich modules and receptiveness
Backbone2010LibraryA JavaScript framework that uses key-value binding and other tools typically for creating SPAs and synchronizing web apps
Angular JS2010FrameworkOne of the first frameworks for modern front end development. Uses two-way data binding to make creating dynamic web applications easier
Ember2011FrameworkPowerful open source front end framework designed for creating maintainable and reusable mobile and desktop based JavaScript applications
React2013LibraryExcellent JavaScript component based library for building scalable and fast web applications with one way data binding. Also enabled simplification of JavaScript code through AJAX requests handling and virtual document object model DOM functionality
Vue2014FrameworkLightweight and open source framework especially for developing single-page applications and interactive user interfaces
Angular2016FrameworkThe rewritten version of Angular.js development framework using TypeScript. Contains numerous reusable code components for rapid development of web applications
Svelte2016FrameworkNot one of the more popular frontend frameworks in the JavaScript library. But finds use especially in the building of progressive web apps

In 2022, there are even more promising software development frameworks in the market. And even more updates on existing ones. But more on that later. For now, let’s understand what these aforementioned terms mean exactly. That is, frameworks, backend, and front end frameworks.

Frameworks – Definition and Types

Frameworks refer to a set of software tools or platforms available to web developers. With them, developers can build well designed scalable sites and web applications. One of the major features of most frameworks is the use of reusable components or code. The reusability of code, among other features of frameworks, tends to hasten the development process. Frameworks may include code libraries, compilers, APIs, and the likes. As determined by the principle of Inversion of Control[1] (IoC).

The words Angularjs typed on a typewriter

Photo by Markus Winkler on Unsplash

A web framework can either be a back end or a front end framework. A front end framework refers to a software platform or tool used for the visualization of back end instructions in the user interface. Backend frameworks consequently deal with the functionality section of web applications and services. It basically tells the user interface what to do. But for the sake of detail, we will only be discussing front end frameworks.

Why Should You Use a Frontend Framework?

Using boilerplate code through modern frameworks can help developers maximize time[2] and effort. This eventually implies rapid front end web development but that is just a vague benefit. We’ve already mentioned the shell fact that front end frameworks help front end development. But in what ways does it achieve this exactly?

The Virtual Document Object Model Dom

The heart of all websites, web apps and web services you use is the user interface. Or more specifically, the DOM. The DOM is an API used to define the logical structure of HTML or XML documents. In simple terms, it represents the user interface of any web application.

Direct DOM manipulation through JavaScript meant inefficient updating among other woes. This ultimately meant rather slow operation of modern websites. This is an especially big problem since modern sites require large extents of DOM manipulation.

In response to this drawback, we now have the Virtual DOM. Without much detail, the Virtual DOM is a lightweight construct of the actual DOM.

Books on the most popular frontend frameworks

Photo by Greg Rakozy on Unsplash

It represents a copy of and with the properties of the real DOM. When the Virtual DOM updates, the actual DOM remains unaffected. Illustratively, coding on the Virtual DOM represents editing the blueprint of a home. Whereas direct DOM manipulation implies moving rooms within the house. 

This approach lets only the changed objects update on the real DOM. And this ultimately aids rapid frontend development. Declarative front end frameworks like Vue.js and React offer virtual DOM functionality.

Web Tooling

A lot of the most popular front end frameworks have huge and active communities. Such an ecosystem of tools and access to front end developers’ opinions helps. For one, it makes learning the framework easier.

More so, frontend frameworks typically have tools to semi-automate sub-activities such as testing and linting.

Compartmentalization

One of the key principles of front end frameworks is compartmentalization of code. By that we mean, front end developers should create components that abstract parts of their code. These components would be maintainable, related, and reusable for other specific applications.

HTML written in a box to demand for what is a frontend framework

Photo by Jackson So on Unsplash

Routing and Rendering

Document navigation on the web is the most important feature of any web application. After all, the web is just a collection of interlinked documents translated into web pages. Initially, web apps send requests through browsers to servers for each new HTML file. Only after that does rendering take place. Professionals aptly refer to the former as server side routing. And the latter process as server side rendering.

The modern web app fetches a single HTML shell and consistently updates its DOM. That is how single-page applications (SPAs) work. Server side rendering and routing using "vanilla" JavaScript solutions is still possible. But with front end frameworks, the process is considerably more intuitive.

What Do I Look Out for When Choosing Frontend Frameworks?

The first thing to note before choosing a front end framework is that there is no such thing as a “one size fits all” front end framework. There is no general best frontend framework, but there are best frontend frameworks for your specific web project.

While frameworks function similarly, they use different approaches for doing the same things.

There are other factors that impact companies’ choice of one over other frameworks. This is besides the differences in function of the frameworks. One of such factors is the core strength of their frontend development team. Here are other factors to look out for in choosing the right framework for you:

Capacity for Building Mobile Apps

Businesses are more likely to gain with a mobile-first approach to frontend development. At least that’s what’s statistically indicated[3]. This is more so the case with the advent of cross-platform Progressive Web Apps (PWAs).

jQuery mobile is no longer supported

A framework’s capacity to build mobile apps gives it an edge over other frameworks. jQuery was every front end developers’ favorite for mobile app development[4]. More specifically, jQuery Mobile, which is a UI framework built on jQuery and geared towards mobile app development.

Frontend developers utilized jQuery more for creating desktop based JavaScript applications. Unfortunately, It was deprecated on October 7, 2021. The choice of the best front end frameworks is now split between, Angular Mobile, Vue.js, and React Native.

The Framework’s Community

This factor is quite obvious but typically overlooked. The captivating sites and promise of high performance may get you excited. But what would really help is if there is the availability of learning resources.

This is especially true when you are trying to learn a frontend framework. You are likely to encounter several difficulties. In such a case, it is a huge plus if you have an active community you can ask questions through your learning process. Or tools you can use to complete complex tasks.

Thankfully, all of the top 10 frontend development frameworks have vibrant communities.

The svelte web development framework screen

Photo by Ferenc Almasi on Unsplash

Core Framework Programming Languages

Frontend frameworks use different core programming languages. Some of the best frontend frameworks are JavaScript frameworks. However, there are other popular and promising frontend frameworks based on other languages.

CSS frameworks like bootstrap or semantic UI are examples of frontend frameworks based on CSS – a style sheet language. Semantic UI is a rather new frontend framework in the ecosphere. But it is quickly finding ground as a very simple framework for a rich and interactive interface.

Popularity

This also relates to the factor of the frameworks’ community. But more specifically, the reviews and popularity among users[5]. If a framework is relatively popular among users, then it must be doing something right. This is the case for almost any JS framework.

Core Features

The framework you use largely depends on what projects you are to embark on. You should first identify what features would simplify aspects of such complex projects. And then look for frameworks that offer such features.

React helps us build new user interfaces

For instance, say you worry about complex DOM manipulation. Angular uses two way data binding. And this ultimately serves to reduce complex DOM manipulation. In the development of robust web apps and SPAs, React is a good choice. Or in case you require more theming and simplifying complex user interfaces. Semantic UI is just right.

Learning Curve

Some of the easiest frameworks have some of the highest performance and functionality. A good example is the rather novel Semantic UI and the older React.JS.

Of course, React doesn’t use the quasi-English syntax of Semantic UI. However, it is considered one of the easiest frameworks to learn. Still, it stands tall as a lightweight framework with robust functionality and a lenient learning curve.

The learning curve of frontend frameworks such as Ember.js is rather steep. This obviously is a poor choice for beginners.

Other factors like ease of integration with any other open source library and server side rendering are also important to watch out for.

Final Thoughts

All in all, frontend frameworks have become an integral part of web app development. It’s difficult to imagine the future of the web without them. Thankfully, you are now armed with information about what frameworks really are. What’s left is for you to use it.

Top 6 Best Web Development Frameworks in 2022

Do you want to build dynamic web applications? Or are you more interested in developing mobile and desktop applications? Perhaps you are about to undertake some complex projects or mobile app development projects? Well then, knowing the ideal web framework to use is particularly crucial. Needless to say, there are a number of great web development frameworks available. But sieving for the best from the pack is not an easy task. Thankfully, this article contains a comprehensive list of the best web development frameworks in 2022. But to discuss that now would be jumping the gun. Some of us don't even know what frameworks are and why we need them. You can read more in our article on what is a software development framework[1].

More importantly, we need to know the differences between frontend and backend web development frameworks.

What Is a Web Framework?

A web framework is a code library with a range of software tools and resources. Web developers use them to support the development and deployment of interactive web applications.

Web frameworks function using pre-written code and web application templates. Other web resources are employable depending on the developer's requirements.

Say you already have code to handle session data validation. Of course, this is a common functionality in web app development. It will be rather painstaking to rewrite such code each time you create a web service. Luckily, web frameworks will enable developers to bypass the need to rewrite such code.

programming visual on a laptop
Image Credits: Markus Spiske

Essentially, frameworks help enhance the speed and ease the web development process. But that's not all; a good web development framework will aid in the following ways:

If developers only need to focus on a streamlined number of tasks, errors are more unlikely. With frameworks, professional developers may then work strictly on the design or business logic of web apps. In the background, the framework takes care of complex tasks like data binding.

While those features are present in most frameworks, some features are specific to the framework itself. Which leads us to discuss how to specify web frameworks based on their categories.

Web Development Framework Types

A framework may either be a frontend development, a client side framework, a backend or a server side framework. However, there are also full-stack frameworks. These bridge the gap between backend and frontend frameworks[2].

Frontend FrameworkBackend Framework
Deals strictly with user interfaces. It deals with the sections web users interact withWorks behind the scenes to ensure proper interaction between servers, databases, and the user interface
Incorporates SEO optimization, user interface with UX designs, and scalability tasksManages database management, user authentication, URL routing, site architecture designing tasks
Frontend framework development languages include JavaScript, JQuery, HTML, CSS, etc.Backend development languages include: Python, Ruby, PHP, .NET and also, JavaScript
Frontend development frameworks include Bootstrap, Angular, React, Vue, Ember, etc.Backend development frameworks include Ruby on Rails, ASP.NET Core, Express, Django, Spring, etc.

We will now use both these categories to divide and discuss the top 6 best web development frameworks.

6 Most Popular Web Development Frameworks to Watch Out for in 2022

Frontend Frameworks

a developer using a software development framework
Image Credits: Olia Danilevich

1. REACT

The first thing to note about this is that it's ironically not a framework. It is actually a frontend library developed by Meta (formerly Facebook) in 2013. However, front-end developers consider it a top JavaScript framework. Perhaps because of its component-based architecture or JSX syntax.

React is mostly suited for creating single page applications and dynamic web applications.

Key Features:

Besides other positive prominent features, React does have some downsides to it. The most notable of is React’s speedy pace of development. That makes it difficult for developers to keep up, as they find themselves constantly having to learn new ways to get things done. Another issue is React’s overcomplicated documentation. This also stems from the fact that the technology gets updated so often that there is hardly any time for clear documentation.

2. Angular

This JavaScript framework is arguably the most popular web development framework around. It's no wonder tech giants such as Microsoft and PayPal typically adopt it in their web projects.

Angular started off in 2009 as AngularJS, developed using JavaScript. Google then rewrote it in 2016 using Typescript, a syntactic superset of JavaScript. This makes it one of the best front end frameworks for enterprise web application development.

Key Features:

Angular's major disadvantage has to be its steep learning curve. To use Angular well, you must have a good grasp of a range of controllers, libraries, and directives.

an image of a software development framework code
Image Credits: Markus Spiske

3. Ember

As the Ember homepage states, Ember is a framework for ambitious web developers. This must be true as a wide range of popular websites, and tech companies use and support Ember. These include; Apple Music, Netflix, LinkedIn, Twitch, Amazon, Google, and Meta.

The framework runs on a cross platform operating system. And it is an adept part of the JavaScript library, established on December 8, 2011. Since then, it has become one of the most popular frontend frameworks.

Key Features:

The notable drawback of Ember is that for a small web project, it is not an ideal framework. Beginners are likely to find the component structure of Ember counter-intuitive.

Backend Frameworks

a developer programming with a software development framework

Image Credits: Nubelson Fernandes

1. Spring Framework

Spring is an open source framework that supports MVC architecture. Rod Johnson developed Spring with Java in 2002. It is now one of the most used web frameworks for backend development.

Java is arguably the best programming language for backend web development. Hence, a tool that helps overcome limitations when developing web and mobile applications with Java becomes indispensable. This is what we get with the Spring framework.

Key Features:

The rather steep learning curve for Spring is its major pitfall.

2. Ruby on Rails

Ruby on rails is one of the oldest and most popular backend frameworks around. Based on the Ruby programming language, Ruby on Rails has found use in well over 800,000 sites. Some of which include popular sites like; GitHub, Shopify, Hulu, Airbnb, to name a few.

Ruby on rails is mostly advantageous because of its large community. This makes it very beginner-friendly. Besides that, it provides all the requirements to build database-driven applications.

Key Features:

Yet again, the learning curve is the major issue here. But this time, the learning curve only steepens when you delve deep into the framework.

a developer using a web development framework on a laptop
Image Credits: Christina Morillo

3. Django

Python is currently the most in-demand programming language in 2022. This means that a python-based framework is sure to be just as sought after. And that is what we have in Django. As with Angular, it is one of the most popular web development frameworks around.

Django is an MTV-architecture-based[3] (Model-View-Template) backend framework. It leverages on programming paradigms and patterns such as DRY (Don't repeat yourself) and CoC (Convention over Configuration). That ultimately enhances code reusability.

Key Features:

Two very notable frontend frameworks mentioned from the JavaScript library are Vue.js[1] and Backbone.js. Both are great for simple single page applications. But with Backbone.js, your development team is going to have to get familiar with using extensions and plugins.

As for backend frameworks, Express is great at creating REST APIs. Lavarel finds use in blogs, eCommerce apps, or other database-driven sites. Meteor is an especially great selection for cross platform applications.

The Bottom Line: Best Frameworks for Web Development 2022

There is a long list of popular backend and frontend frameworks in 2022[4]. But none of them can be considered as the "best mobile and web application development framework."

For instance, as a Python developer, your best choice cannot be Lavarel - which runs on PHP. While both are among the best backend frameworks. And they both offer similar functionality. The facts are, you just don't know PHP. So, for you, in this case, the best web framework would probably be Django.

In a nutshell, to know what web development framework is right for you, there are two things to ask. What do you want? And what do you know?                                                     

What Is a Software Development Framework?

A software development framework is a flexible structure composed of several elements that enable the execution of projects of various types in a more organized and efficient way, especially in programming. A framework is an English term derived from two words: "frame" and "work," and it refers to a foundation within which you operate. In software development, a framework consists of concepts, artifacts, or practices that help organize the resources a developer needs. In other words, a framework is a contour, template, or guide that a programmer uses to automate elements of the development process. It creates better time management, avoiding repeating tasks manually. [1]

What Exactly Does a Software Framework Include?

A framework helps write source code to develop applications or software. It allows you to store and organize primary development resources such as the source code, configuration files, or application libraries.

In this method, the developer has all of the information they need in one spot, and the work environment becomes a structure that must be completed rather than starting over.

However, using the framework is not a part of the web development process; it is simply a shared resource that saves time.

Frameworks, on the other hand, can be utilized to develop the entire project or just a portion of it. [2]

Software Development Framework - Which One Should you Choose?

Every framework is adapted to a purpose - which is even more specific than a programing language is.

Let's look at Python as an example. Python is a general-purpose programming language that may be used for almost anything. You don't, however, require anything other than a framework designed for the building of websites and applications. In the case of Python, Django or Flask are likely to be used.

software development framework shown on a monitor
Photo by Fotis Fotopoulos on Unsplash

You might achieve the same results using pure Python, but you'd quickly learn that you'd be up against the same problems all the time. In a sector like web development, a framework is typically a solution to the most prevalent challenges.

The JavaScript framework is popular among developers because of its benefits such as efficiency, security, and cost. The variety of software development frameworks for each development platform is huge. 

Let's narrow down our choices. 

Popular Frames and Languages:

Web Application Frameworks

Ruby on Rails

Screenshot of Ruby on Rails software development framewor tutorial.
Photo credit Ruby on Rails

Rails is a web development framework designed to write Ruby code. Rail's mission is to provide a framework and capabilities that would allow you to create Ruby applications, such as a website.

There are several reasons why Rails is great for beginners. The first is that the Ruby language itself has a relatively shallow learning curve. 

It is much easier to learn to write code in Ruby than in other languages, because the language is quite flexible, which will save you nerves and allow you to spend more time learning the basics of programming.

Rails is suitable for any web application. Its philosophy includes two important guiding principles: 

ASP.NET 

Screenshot of Microsoft  .NET
ASP.NET/ ASP.NET 

The ASP.NET MVC is a software development framework based on the MVC architectural form, which has proven to be suitable for web applications. 

This form divides the application into three units that can be changed relatively independently, which increases the ease of maintaining the application.

The class code libraries in the .NET 3.5 framework offer thousands of pre-built choices (functionalities) that can be used in applications. 

Advantages of ASP.NET

Here's a list of advantages:

  1. Because it follows the MVC architecture, it provides for separation of concerns.
  2. Reduces coding time & cross-coding connection 
  3. Out-of-the-box features
  4. Toolbox is the best in the world.
  5. Provides both power and flexibility
  6. Simplicity, customizability, and extensibility
  7. Security & manageability

These possibilities are divided by technological categories, such as ADO.NET (a technique for constructing database-driven applications) and Windows Forms.

ASP.NET: a mechanism that supports web applications created in the .NET system and supports almost all options from the .NET class library. 

In addition, ASP.NET includes certain web services, such as user identification with data protection and data storage. [4]

Disadvantages of ASP.NET

However, there are some disadvantages to think about before choosing the framework:

  1. Security is not the best
  2. Expensive
  3. The core of ASP.NET is insufficient.
  4. The documentation isn't perfect.

Vue

Vue getting started
Vuel CLI

Vue is a JavaScript framework that could be an excellent alternative for you if you have a poorly supported application that requires a lot of features. There are clean patterns even for inexperienced teams. Although it doesn't have as developed a community as other UX frameworks, Vue offers useful packages that you can incorporate into your project.

A software development framework is nothing more than a pattern application and source of code that makes it easier to create and manage web applications.

Benefits of Vue

The ability to adopt Vue piece by piece is perhaps his greatest virtue. Vue has a concise and reasonable architecture that makes it easy to understand and write less code.

Disadvantages  of Vue

The desire to lean towards a view-model application and a state-of-the-art application can lead to problems. The feeling while using this framework is as if you want the code to be important to the rest of the application without precisely deciding on a pattern.

Mobile Development Frameworks

a software development framework in action
Image by jamesmarkosborne

jQuery Mobile

jQuery is an HTML5-based user interface, a special type of JavaScript library, developed to be an upgrade to basic JavaScript. jQuery simplifies its syntax and allows better interaction between JavaScript and other programming languages designed for Internet application and software development.

jQuery is still the most popular JavaScript library we can find on the market today. But in addition to the jQuery library and user interfaces, we can point to Prototype, Ext Core, and moo. fx! YUI, with similar functionality and mode of operation.

Advantages of using jQuery

Ionic 

Ionic screenshot of homepage
Ionic home page

The Ionic software framework is a mobile user interface technology that can be used to create apps for Android, iOS, and Windows. 

This software framework is free and completely open-source. Ionic is a platform for developing applications. All of the applications are built from a single database including all of the code. It may be used just about anywhere.

Ionic is a CI / CD frame. Ionic integrates with other add-ons and is fast in building applications. This software framework is written in JavaScript. 

The ionic software framework for software development uses accessories and if it does not work in the home environment, the accessories will be of great help in managing the frame. It uses only one programming language for all operating systems in mobile devices. Ionic is good at developing server-side systems because it uses the most well-known web technologies. [5]

Why Learn Software development?

Web applications built with JS software frameworks are especially valued, while web developers with React JS skills are in high demand. So, learning software development is a useful life skill. With the required skills, you will have an advantage over the competition. Web and software applications built with this framework will be something that people will love.

a software development framework used to make an app
Photo by Jexo on Unsplash

Why Use a Software framework?

One of the definitions of the software framework says that these are abstractions that provide the software with generic functionalities that can be changed as needed by the newly written code of the user or developer. 

These are universal, reusable standard ways and environments for developing applications that provide a specific structure.

Software frameworks are divided according to their purpose. They can be meant for the development of web applications, computer software, mobile applications, sites, etc. It should be emphasized that some software development frameworks circulate in the interspace between these categories precisely because of their extensive capabilities.

Final Thoughts about Software Development Frameworks

Try something new today. You probably have a project about software development waiting for the right opportunity to start.

Although the use of the software framework may, at first, seem like an aggravating circumstance, there is no doubt that it helps and speeds up the process of developing dynamic web pages, mobile apps, code libraries, user interfaces, web apps, etc., when viewed as knowledge learned in the long run.

Go ahead, try the software development frameworks you need; it will be easier for you to understand your work, implement software frameworks on some new problems, and of course be smarter and more experienced. And of course, to do what every developer aims for - create something good.

Have you considered No Code for your software development needs? Try our free, 2-minute quiz that will recommend the best solution in your particular case. Not sure what No Code is? Here’s our extensive guide on What is No Code.

Top No Code Software Development Tools of All Time [2022]

We are in an era of digital transformations across the globe. The future of No Code is predicted to be revolutionary. The current advancements [1] in No Code tools are remarkable. The power of creating software shifted from Coders to Citizen Developers. Anyone with an idea can create apps through a visual interface. When you are planning to build an app, it is advised to follow the step-by-step procedure of building a successful product. Choosing the right platform is a crucial step at the beginning of this process. Today, we will talk about the top No Code development platforms you can use to develop mobile and web applications.

Before jumping to the list, let’s talk about the scope of No Code tools.

What Can Current No Code Software Development Tools Do?

There are myths claiming that the scope of No Code tools is limited. We want you to steer clear of them. There are a lot of things you can achieve without coding skills. Here are the top 3 categories of solutions that you can create with No Code platforms.

Build Applications

Create applications based on your requirements. From Google forms and Excel sheet applications to AI-based platforms, you can create the application that you want. There is a learning curve for implementing ideas, but if you want to make a replica of a popular app like Instagram or Twitter, it’s extremely easy.

Automate Workflows

Define logic between applications, move data and create custom No Code automation. These No Code solutions focus on decreasing clutter in your digital workspace. They are popular amongst remote teams that function across the globe.

Create Websites and Stores

Create landing pages, websites, and eCommerce stores. With several templates on each No Code platform, it becomes simpler to launch beautiful and functioning websites and eCommerce stores.

In this blog, we will be talking about the first category. Here’s the list of the best No Code platforms for creating mobile and web apps.

Top 5 No Code Development Platforms to Create Custom Apps

Bubble

Bubble, No Code App Development Tool

Bubble is one of the most popular No Code development platforms of all time. They offer a drag-and-drop editor and cloud hosting platform where you can create customized applications and workflows. It has 1.6 million+ users creating digital products around the world.

Although it has quite a steep learning curve, it becomes easy after a while. You can perform anything from simpler tasks like adding hyperlinks and images to complex ones like creating rules, sequencing task items, and managing repetitive web logic. 

Its technical capabilities are one of the main reasons why the tool is used by No Code agencies[2] worldwide to build apps and websites.

Top Features

Pricing

There are 1 free and 3 paid plans available. 

Unlike some other No Code development platforms, Bubble doesn’t charge extra for white labeling.

Softr

Softr, No Code Development Platform

Softr was the Product Hunt's 2021 Product of the Year. It has gained massive popularity in the past 2 years. They have a community of more than 35,000 businesses and operators using Softr to build custom apps. It is a comprehensive No Code builder for software development. You can create websites, web apps and mobile applications directly from their drag-and-drop editor. It could also serve as a Low Code platform if you want to insert custom code to make changes in your app.

Top Features

Pricing

There are 3 paid plans and a free one. 

Glide

Glide, No Code Mobile App Development Tool

It allows you to create mobile apps from Google Sheets quickly. With Glide 2.0, they have updated almost all of their features. You can now create a mobile app and customize it with table layouts as well. It is best used to build early MVPs to test concepts with beta users. If you already have some background in using the functionalities of Google Sheets, Glide is the best No Code platform for you to create apps.

Top Features

Pricing

There are 3 plans including a free one. 

If you want priority support and a dedicated account manager, you can opt for their custom enterprise plan.

Appy Pie

Appy Pie, No Code software development tool

Despite providing builders for web apps and websites, it is popularly known for its mobile apps builder. It is smooth and easy to use for beginners. If you have a mobile app idea, use Appy Pie to create a basic prototype and beta version of your app. Rapid application development and deployment will save you time and money.

Top Features

Pricing

There are 3 paid plans available. 

You will have to pay additional fees to Google Play or App Store to publish the app.

Also, Appy Pie doesn’t let you white label the app (i.e. remove Appy Pie branding) unless you pay for the add-on plan. It costs twice your current plan.

Airtable

Airtable, No Code Internal Tools Development platform

This powerful No Code/Low Code platform focuses on creating an application that fits your workflow as it evolves with your team. It is widely popular amongst business users to build apps for internal problems. It allows you to merge a database with spreadsheet functionalities. They have templates for almost all industries making it easier for you to automate without any coding skills. You start with creating an Airtable base which is like an advanced version of the workbook in your traditional spreadsheet.

Top Features

Pricing

Such competitive pricing makes Airtable an affordable No Code tool.

What Should I Choose?

Depending upon your background and affordability, you should be able to make a decision. But to further simplify things, we have created a table to help you understand the platforms side-by-side.

This table rates the platform into 5 categories:

Learning curve - The time taken from having 0 knowledge about the platform to building a basic app on the platform. High means it takes longer to learn.

Functionalities - The wide range of functions you can perform with a platform. If you can build an app, integrate automation and create landing pages, it would be high.

Scalability - The ease and cost of scaling the application made with these platforms. High scalability means it’s easy to scale.

Mobile apps/Web apps - Whether you can create mobile apps, web apps or both. Most tools either provide both or mobile apps. There is rarely a tool that lets you create just the web app.

Price - The affordability of the platform.

PlatformLearning CurveFunctionalitiesScalabilityMobile apps/Web appsPrice
BubbleHighHighHighBothHigh
SoftrHighHighMediumBothMedium
GlideLowMediumLowMobile apps onlyMedium
Appy PieLowMediumHighMobile apps onlyLow
AirtableLowLowHighBothLow
Comparing the Top No Code Software Development tools

These were the best No Code platforms for building apps. We hope you are able to decide on the best No Code platform to create your app. Most of these tools have a “Hall of Fame” where they exhibit the top apps made from the respective No Code platforms.

You should check it out to understand the type of theme and solutions that you can make. If you think we forgot a noteworthy platform, let us know. Follow us on Twitter to stay updated with the latest news, tips, and trends on the No Code landscape.